Study on flexural behaviour of printed concrete wide beams using polypropylene fibres

Authors

  • Thi Loan Pham*
  • Duy Thanh Trinh
  • Thi Hoai Thu Nguyen
  • Trong Quang Do
  • Phan Anh Nguyen

Abstract

Sustainability in building construction is an inevitable aspect of future construction projects. The justification of sustainability is highly appreciated by comparing 3D concrete printing technology with conventional construction. However, the 3D printing concrete system has limitations and challenges in industrial applications. The reason is that this process was initially used in small non-structural applications and is now being adopted for large-scale structures. Thanks to concrete printing machines, a wide variety of web frames are also available - something completely impossible to achieve using traditional formwork for pouring concrete. In this study, the girder web is designed in the style of truss beams. Three wide beams with different amounts of polypropylene (PP) fibre were printed, and 3-point loading tests were conducted. The failure mode, load-bearing capacity, and deflection were reported in this study. According to the results, applying concrete printing technology in civil and industrial construction is entirely feasible. The printing process successfully produced models with a nozzle diameter of 22 mm and layer height of 10 mm, ensuring sufficient adhesion force between the printing layers. Using a PP fibre content of about 0.25% yielded the best results in terms of concrete compressive strength and beams’ flexural strength, while a PP fibre content of about 1.00% tended to increase the ductility of the member. Although the failure mode is brittle, the beams exhibited deflection before fracture far beyond the allowable deflection value of a flexural member. Therefore, the application of printed components to construction is feasible.

Keywords:

deflection, failure mode, flexural behaviour, load-bearing capacity printed concrete, polypropylene fibre, wide beam

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31276/VJSTE.65(4).48-53

Classification number

2.1, 2.3

Author Biographies

Thi Loan Pham

Department of Civil Engineering, Haiphong University, 171 Phan Dang Luu Street, Ngoc Son Ward, Kien An District, Hai Phong City, Vietnam

Duy Thanh Trinh

Department of Civil Engineering, Haiphong University, 171 Phan Dang Luu Street, Ngoc Son Ward, Kien An District, Hai Phong City, Vietnam

Thi Hoai Thu Nguyen

Department of Civil Engineering, Haiphong University, 171 Phan Dang Luu Street, Ngoc Son Ward, Kien An District, Hai Phong City, Vietnam

Trong Quang Do

Department of Civil Engineering, Haiphong University, 171 Phan Dang Luu Street, Ngoc Son Ward, Kien An District, Hai Phong City, Vietnam

Phan Anh Nguyen

Department of Civil Engineering, Haiphong University, 171 Phan Dang Luu Street, Ngoc Son Ward, Kien An District, Hai Phong City, Vietnam

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Published

2023-12-15

Received 6 March 2023; revised 17 April 2023; accepted 1 June 2023

How to Cite

Thi Loan Pham, Duy Thanh Trinh, Thi Hoai Thu Nguyen, Trong Quang Do, & Phan Anh Nguyen. (2023). Study on flexural behaviour of printed concrete wide beams using polypropylene fibres. Vietnam Journal of Science, Technology and Engineering, 65(4), 48-53. https://doi.org/10.31276/VJSTE.65(4).48-53

Issue

Section

Physical Sciences

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