Tidal energy potential in coastal Vietnam
Keywords:tidal energy, tidal energy potential, TMD toolbox, TPOX8-Atlas
Tidal energy is a renewable energy source produced by the rise and fall of ocean tides. Tidal energy can be exploited using a special type of generator that converts tidal energy into electricity. Tidal power generation has the potential to open up many prospects for energy field and minimize carbon dioxide emissions that cause the greenhouse effect. To evaluate the possibility of tidal power, it is necessary to have documents and data on average annual tidal amplitude, tidal regime, and main tidal waves in the study area. To calculate the tidal power potential for the east coast of Vietnam, this article applies the calculation formula of tidal power energy by Russian scientist L.B. Bernstein. The annual mean tidal amplitude and the K1, O1, and M2 wave amplitude data at nearly 2000 calculation points along the coast of Vietnam were extracted from the TPOX8- Atlas harmonic constant set. Research results showed that Vietnam has great potential for tidal energy along the Hai Phong - Quang Ninh coastal area and the southeast region with a prospective 41.6 GWh/km2/y.
Received 2 December 2020; accepted 29 January 2021
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