Research results on robusta coffee breeding in Vietnam
Keywords:breeding, coffee, high yield, new variety, Robusta, Vietnam
In the research and development of coffee trees in Vietnam, particularly breeding is one of the most important activities and always prioritized by the Government. Since 1976, the Western Highlands Agriculture and Forestry Science Institute (WASI, former Coffee Research Institute), has invested a lot of efforts in selecting and creating new coffee varieties with good characteristics, namely high yield and big-sized beans, that have contributed to the enormous coffee development, especially to Robusta coffee. During 40 years, WASI has created and made them recognized by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development with total 11 Robusta varieties. Of which, TR4, TR9, and TR11 are largely used in the cultivation in the Central Highlands, TR14 and TR15 are very promising to adapt to new challenge of climate change, and TRS1 is a good solution for quick seedling supplyies for the replanting program. These new varieties are highly recommended for the coffee development program till 2020 and in the coming years.
Western Highlands Agriculture and Forestry Science Institute
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