Removal of greenhouse gas in biofilter using organic and inorganic media

Authors

  • Nguyen Thanh Tung Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kasetsart University, Thailand
  • Wilai Chiemchaisri Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kasetsart University, Thailand
  • Chart Chiemchaisri Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kasetsart University, Thailand
  • Samunya Sanguanpak National Metal and Materials Technology Center, National Science and Technology Development Agency, Thailand

Keywords:

biofilter, compost, greenhouse gas, inorganic media, methane oxidation

Abstract

A biofilter using organic (compost) and inorganic (pumice, porous silica pellet or poremat) media was applied to the removal of methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) to minimize the impact of off-gasses from municipal solid waste disposal global. The objective was to determine the appropriate biofilter media for CH4 oxidation and N2O conversion. The off gas (59.6% CH4, 1.0% N2O) was fed simultaneously with air (1:3 ratio) into the biofilter. CH4 oxidation and N2O conversion rates were observed over a 101-day period through the analysis of gas concentration along the biofilter’s depth using gas chromatography. Higher CH4 oxidation in the biofilters containing organic and inorganic media was achieved, especially for the compost-poremat biofilter with 70.1 g CH4/m3/d realised. The most active methane oxidation zone was found near the gas inlet at the bottom of the biofilter. The presence of inorganic material helped promote aerobic conditions for CH4 oxidation, especially during the initial period. N2O was also more completely removed with the biofilter containing inorganic media. Higher methanotrophic activities in matured biofilter media and the presence of methanotrophs type I, which prefer oxygen-rich conditions, were confirmed.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31276/VJSTE.63(1).83-89

Classification number

5.1

Downloads

Published

2022-03-03

Received 27 April 2020; accepted 26 June 2020

How to Cite

Tung, N. T., Chiemchaisri, W., Chiemchaisri, C. ., & Sanguanpak, S. (2022). Removal of greenhouse gas in biofilter using organic and inorganic media. Vietnam Journal of Science, Technology and Engineering, 63(1), 83-89. https://doi.org/10.31276/VJSTE.63(1).83-89

Issue

Section

Environmental Sciences