Fuzzy finite element analysis based on the transformation between fuzzy and random variables


  • Tuan Hung Nguyen*
  • Huynh Xuan Le


In this paper, a fuzzy finite element method (FFEM) for determining the responses of structures is proposed by using the transformation between fuzzy and random variables. Firstly, the formulae for establishing normal random variables equivalent to symmetric triangular fuzzy numbers are presented based on the combination of the principle of insufficient reason and that of maximum specificity. As a result, fuzzy finite element analysis is transferred into stochastic finite element analysis. To solve this problem, the response surface method with the aid of standard normal random variables is utilized to approximate the real responses of structures. Then, the errors between the training and test sets are estimated to select a suitable response surface model amongst the regression models. Lastly, the formulae for determining the mean and the standard deviation values of the responses of structures are established. The accuracy and effectiveness of the proposed method are verified via an illustrative example.


fuzzy finite element, fuzzy sets theory, possibility-probability transformations, response surface method, stochastic finite element, surrogate model



Classification number


Author Biographies

Tuan Hung Nguyen

Faculty of Civil Engineering, Thuyloi University, 175 Tay Son Street, Trung Liet Ward, Dong Da District, Hanoi, Vietnam

Huynh Xuan Le

Hanoi University of Civil Engineering, 55 Giai Phong Street, Dong Tam Ward, Hai Ba Trung District, Hanoi, Vietnam




Received 5 May 2021; revised 29 June 2021; accepted 14 July 2021

How to Cite

Tuan Hung Nguyen, & Huynh Xuan Le. (2022). Fuzzy finite element analysis based on the transformation between fuzzy and random variables. Vietnam Journal of Science, Technology and Engineering, 64(4), 45-50. https://doi.org/10.31276/VJSTE.64(4).45-50



Physical Sciences