The effects of pH on the precipitation of rice straw lignin from An Giang, Vietnam
Keywords:agglomerate, crystallinity region, decomposition, lignin, precipitate, redissolve, rice straw, thermal
This research aimed to extract lignin from rice straw and reveal the pH value of diluted acid at which the most effective yield of lignin was precipitated. In this study, rice straw obtained from local fields in the An Giang province of Vietnam and sodium hydroxide 2 M was employed to extract lignin from rice straw. Hydrochloric acid was used to adjust the sample pH values to be in the range of 1.5-3.5. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis was used to characterize the functional groups of the lignin materials. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) analysis was employed to supply information on the thermal decomposition of the lignin samples. Herein, the results showed that lignin precipitated at different pH values affected its thermal properties. At 700oC, the yield of the remaining lignin components were 56% at pH 2.0, but the weight loss of lignin agglomerate
samples precipitated at pH 3.5 dropped to 85% because many non-lignin substances existed in the samples. The yield of the crude lignin samples obtained were 16.51, 17.66, 15.27, 14.33 and 13.26% for pH of 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0 and 3.5 respectively. The crystallite regions played an important role in the lignin structures. The spectrum peaks at pH 1.5, 2.0 and 2.5 were broader than the peaks at pH 3.0 and 3.5. The results demonstrated the highest percentage of lignin precipitate was collected at pH 2.0.
Received 7 July 2021; accepted 5 October 2021
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